The Partnership for Social Accountability (PSA) Alliance is led by ActionAid together with the Public Service Accountability Monitor (PSAM), the Eastern and Southern Africa Small Scale Farmers’ Forum (ESAFF) and SAfAIDS, and supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). The project seeks to improve public resource management in agriculture (food security), and health (HIV/AIDS, sexual and reproductive health and rights) by strengthening the oversight and social accountability roles of five target groups in the SADC region: Selected parliamentary committees; Relevant government departments; Issue-based civil society organisations (CSOs); Smallholder farmer organisations; and the Media.
In the first three years (2016 – 2019), the project will focus on Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia. In each of the target countries, the partners will provide training on public resource management, support for critical social accountability monitoring, and platforms for collaboration and learning.
For more information on the project ‘Strengthening Social Accountability and Oversight in Health and Agriculture in Southern Africa’, contact Julie Middleton, Consortium Project Manager, ActionAid International, email@example.com.
Promoting Social Accountability in Southern Africa – What Works?
The report ‘Best Practices in Strengthening Social Accountability in and Oversight Capacity for Rights-Based Public Resources Management in Health (SRHR) and Agriculture (Food Security) in Southern Africa’ documents and analyses key approaches undertaken by the Partnership for Social Accountability (PSA) Alliance in each of its four target countries (Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe) during the first phase (2016-2019) of the regional project.
PSA Alliance consortium member SAfAIDS utilised its comprehensive and widely respected best practice documentation methodology to assess one intervention in each of the four countries. Recognising the innovative design of the project, the exercise sought to draw upon and deliberate ‘what works’ and what the ‘picture of success’ looks like, as well as identify unintended outcomes and recommendations to inform future programming, policy decisions and funding, both for the next phase of the project as well as other similar projects in the region. Between September – November 2018, the PSA Alliance interventions were assessed using a participatory documentation process. Selected interventions were assessed against a seven-point criteria, including effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, relevance, ethical soundness, replicability, innovativeness and sustainability.
The report concludes that the PSA Alliance has realised notable achievements in strengthening capacity for social accountability among parliaments, media, local government, traditional leadership, CSOs, and farmers organisations. The four (4) best practices provide evidence that through the project interventions communities are now more structured to exercise their accountability roles through health committees in Tanzania and Mozambique and, for women smallholder farmers, to critique and effectively raise concerns on the farm input support programme (FISP) in Zambia. Additionally, the unique facilitation approach employed by the project led to the establishment of the parliamentary budget office (PBO) in Malawi where other efforts have failed. Overall, the report indicates the strength of the PSA Alliance approach is in its creation and work through multi-stakeholder partnerships, which have effectively generated trust, buy-in and sustainability.
Tanzania: Supporting social audits and community interface towards re-establishment of Health Facility Governance Committees in Kilosa and Mbozi districts of Tanzania
The PSA Alliance project in Tanzania facilitated the re-establishment of Health Facility Governing Committees (HFGCs) in the districts of Kilosa and Mbozi. Community score cards previously conducted in the two districts identified that health funds at facility level were not properly managed, due to a lack of functioning HFGCs. The project supported the local government to organize public meetings for citizens to confirm or elect HFGC members. Twelve HFGCs were re-established (5 in Kilosa and 7 in Mbozi). After the reestablishment, all members were trained on their roles and responsibilities with clear linkages to the social accountability monitoring (SAM) model. Success in establishing the committees was realised through facilitation of community participation in social audits and interface meetings and engagements.
- Watch a documentary explaining the impact of the committees in the Kilosa District.
Read the Tanzania section of the best practice Report.
Zambia: PSAM as Transformative Tool to Improving Agricultural Service Provision: Case of FISP in Zambia
Through the PSA Alliance, smallholder farmers, particularly women, were trained in social accountability and advocacy at the community level, with the aim of promoting their effective participation and contribution in public engagements on the delivery of the Farm Input Support Programme (FISP). Thereafter, the project supported the hosting of community interface meetings, where community members and the duty bearers discussed concerns with the FISP design and delivery. Through the interface platforms, the assertiveness of women smallholder farmers has improved, enabling them to mobilize their communities to raise issues directly with duty bearers.
- Watch a documentary highlighting the approach in Zambia.
Read the Zambia section of the best practice Report.
Mozambique: Establishment of Health Committees in Chibuto District of Mozambique
The PSA Alliance led the establishment of health committees in four communities in Chibuto district, Gaza province. The project provided the committees with capacity training on social accountability, followed by support to engage in community awareness raising events on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), and monitoring of service delivery within health facilities. Communities are now demanding change based on their monitoring and promoting positive change in SRH service delivery.
- Watch a documentary on the actions of the health committees in Chibuto district.
Read the Mozambique section of the best practice Report.
Malawi: Supporting the Establishment of the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) in Malawi
The PSA Alliance undertook an innovative approach, based on a thorough power analysis, to generating support for the establishment of a parliamentary budget office in Malawi. In partnership with the Speaker of Parliament, the project’s efforts led to the formation of an inter-ministerial and parliamentary task team to coordinate and lead the establishment of the PBO. While previous efforts to establish a PBO have failed over the past 16 years, the PBO finally became a reality in 2019.
- Watch a documentary on the strategy to establish a PBO in Malawi.
Read the Malawi section of the best practice Report.
Regional Media Award: Finalists taking on accountability in Africa
The three winners of the Regional Media Award, hosted by Highway Africa in partnership with the PSA project, were recognised for their investigative work in both health and food security. The aim of the award is to promote high-quality investigative reporting on issues of social accountability, specifically on HIV / Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and food security in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia.
The stories of the three winners can be seen in the videos below:
Communique resulting from the Regional Budget Summit on Strengthening Social Accountability in Health and Agriculture in Southern Africa.
The communique details observations and recommendations in the health and agriculture sectors which aim to promote service delivery and good governance across a number of SADC countries. The multi-stakeholder Summit was attended by 87 representatives drawn from four SADC National parliaments, civil society organizations (CSOs), smallholder farmers’ associations, the media and government officials. The parliaments of the PSA Alliance’s project countries of Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia were represented.
Strengthening sexual and reproductive health public services delivery for young people in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia: Defining the accountability agenda
This Policy Brief presents an analysis on the status of delivering sexual and reproductive health services for young people (10-24) in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia. Analysis is done through the rights-based approach to social accountability lens, which posits that the state must obtain and use all resources available to ensure young people access quality Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services. Furthermore,young people have a right to engage and monitor the state’s delivery of such services, which is a fundamental right.
This policy brief is also available in Portuguese
PSA Policy Brief on Social Accountability of FISPs in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia
This Policy Brief sets out key findings from the Partnership for Social Accountability (PSA) Alliance initiative in southern Africa, a
regional civil society consortium doing social accountability monitoring of farm input subsidy programmes (FISPs) in Malawi, Mozambique,
Tanzania and Zambia. With much of the impetus to promote the use of FISPs in these countries driven by regional strategies in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), this paper makes key recommendations on FISPs and social accountability for policy makers, to be discussed at a regional budget summit to be held in Zambia in March 2019, co-hosted by PSA Alliance and the SADC Parliamentary Forum.
This policy brief is also available in Portuguese
Best Practice on show
Tanzania: Re-establishment of Health Facility Committees in Kilosa and Mbozi
The PSA project in Tanzania facilitated the re-establishment of Health Facility Governing Committees (HFGCs) in Kilosa and Mbozi. This was done after community score cards identified challenges facing the health sector. The major issue was that health funds at facility level were not properly managed, due to a lack of functioning HFGCs. The project supported the local government to organize public meetings for citizens to confirm or elect HFGC members. 12 HFGCs were re-established (5 in Kilosa and 7 in Mbozi). After the reestablishment, all members were trained on their roles and responsibilities with clear linkages to the Social Accountability Monitoring (SAM) modal. This documentary shows the impact of HFGCs in Kilosa District.
Zambia: Enhancing the voices of women small scale farmers in Chipata and Mongu Districts
This best practice documentary highlights one of the key outcomes of the SDC project in Zambia. Through the project, the small-scale farmers, particularly women, were trained in social accountability and advocacy at the community level, with the aim of promoting their effective participation and contribution in public engagement vis a vis the delivery of the Farm Input Subsidy Program (FISP). Thereafter, the project supported the hosting of community interface meetings, where community members and the duty bearers would interface on issues affecting them. The interface meetings provided a platform for right holders and duty bearers to discuss development issues objectively. In these meetings, women small scale farmers were able to air their views on issues affecting them. Through the interface platform, the assertiveness of women small scale farmers has improved overtime. They are now able to mobilize themselves, their communities and the duty bearers and can raise issues that affect them.
Mozambique: Health committees for the improvement of sexual reproductive health
The video highlights the high levels of HIV prevalence in Chibuto, Gaza Province, Mozambique. The province has almost double the levels of HIV prevalence than national rates (Gaza: 24,4%; Country 13.2%). The video is a demonstration of how, through the social accountability monitoring approach, communities are demanding and able to promote changes in sexual and reproductive health services delivery, particularly family planning, safe delivery, as well HIV /AIDS prevention.
ActionAid Malawi Newsletter
Highlights from work by the ActionAid Malawi office and partners. Published here in April 2018.
Mozambique Health & Agriculture case study
PSA country programmes have been documenting their interventions in context. Here Action Aid Mozambique recounts work done in the health and agriculture sectors.
Mozambique journalists training case study
PSA country programmes have been documenting their interventions in context. Here Action Aid Mozambique recounts work done with journalists in training on the Monitoring of Social Accountability and Budget Analysis.
Malawi Parliamentary Budget Office case study
PSA country programmes have been documenting their interventions in context. Here Action Aid Malawi recounts the efforts in facilitating the process of establishing a parliamentary budget office.
Final Report – Regional Budget Summit on Strengthening Social Accountability in Health and Agriculture in Southern Africa
The 2017 Regional Budget Summit on Strengthening Social Accountability in Health and Agriculture in Southern Africa was held on 15 August 2017 as a commission during the Southern Africa Civil Society Forum which took place from 14 to 16 August 2017. The 2017 Summit built on the outcomes of the 2016 Summit to further interrogate social accountability in the SADC region, focusing on the agriculture and health sectors. The event assessed progress towards the national realisation of SADC regional commitments in health and agriculture, reflected on the impact of challenges in social accountability for national and local public resource management, and sought to develop strategies to address these. You can download the full report here
Communique – Regional Budget Summit on Strengthening Social Accountability in Health and Agriculture in
Sixty four representatives of civil society organisations, small scale farmers’ associations, media outlets, parliamentarians, and government officials from Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia, and representatives of Southern African Development Community (SADC) structures, gathered at the Birchwood Hotel in Boksburg, South Africa on 15 August 2017 for the 2017 Budget Summit on Strengthening Social Accountability and Oversight in Health and Agriculture in Southern Africa. The event was held as part of the Southern Africa Civil Society Forum.
In the event’s final communique, the delegates recognised efforts by SADC to ensure greater accountability, through the new online monitoring and evaluation system. SADC member states were also urged, however, to prioritise social accountability in the use of public resources to, in particular, improve access to comprehensive HIV and SRH services for adolescent girls and young women, as well as food security with a special focus on women.
Delegates committed, as part of the Partnership for Social Accountability (PSA) Alliance, to collaborate in their efforts to strengthen the capacity of both government and civil society actors to ensure enhanced social accountability. The full communique can be downloaded here
Social Accountability in Southern Africa: A Review of Policy and Practice in Public Resource Management in SADC, including Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia and Tanzania
The Baseline Report was commissioned by the PSA Alliance to document the state of play of social accountability across health and agriculture sectors at the regional SADC level and national levels in the four target countries, including political and economic considerations. The baseline study, conducted in November and December 2015, has informed the definition of the project’s target outcomes, indicators and the monitoring and evaluation of results.
This summary report provides an analysis of key issues at national and regional level, and provides a preliminary overview of the capacity issues affecting both supply and demand side actors.